Litecoinpool vs F2pool

Choosing the right pool to join when mining for cryptocurrency is very important to ensure you get what you expect and do not have any unpleasant surprises down the line.

Most miners will calculate their expected profits in advance, based on their rigs and power costs  and as different pools offer different payment methods, the pool chosen affects the mining outcomes.

Some pools pay for Uncles and some do not, some charge for transactions and some do not.  In this article we will look at two of the biggest pools that offer Litecoin mining, Litecoinpool vs F2pool.

Litecoin

Litecoin is knows as the little brother of Bitcoin, launched in 2011 it is almost identical to Bitcoin but runs on Scrypt instead of SHA_256 resulting in a decreased time to solve blocks. Litecoin has about 55 million coins in circulation and has a market cap of  $ 20,000,000,000.

Litecoinpool vs F2pool

Litecoinpool (https://www.litecoinpool.org) as the name suggests, allows miners to only mine for Litecoin, while F2pool (https://www.f2pool.com/help) is what is known as a multipool and allows miners to mine for a variety of different currencies in addition to Litecoin, such as Bitcoin, Ethereum and Dash.

Litecoinpool was started in 2011, just after the launch of Litecoin, and was the first Litecoin mining pool. Litecoinpool currently has more than 40% of the active Litecoin miners as members. Litecoin pool has a server presence in eight different locations across the world.

F2pool was started in 2013 and was originally a Chinese-only mining pool and they have only recently added an English Interface. Also known as “Discus Fish”, F2pool has servers in Beijing, Qingdao, Guangzhou, Hong Kong and the United States.

Both Litecoinpool and F2Pool use  Stratum mining protocol. F2pool is reported to control about 51% of the Litecoin hashrate (and about 52% of all the mining hashrate across various cryptocurrencies).

In terms of rewards, both F2Pool and Litecoin calculate on the PPS (pay-per-share) system, which means you get paid for what you contribute and the luck and risk factor are removed.

Litecoinpool has a feature which allows for rewards from merged-mining (when two cryptocoins based on the same algorithm are mined at the same time) to be paid out as well, and has no transaction fees.

F2pool offers 1000 free Dogecoin’s for every 1 Litecoin mined and also supports merged-mining with some coins. Litecoin has a calculator on the site to assist miners with their forecasting (https://www.litecoinpool.org/calc) and an easy to use guide for beginner miners, including a video on how to get started:

F2pool runs at a Litecoin hashrate (number of computations per second) of 19.4 TH/s (19.4 x 1,000,000,000,000) while Litecoinpool runs at 141 TH/s, almost 8 times faster. Litecoinpool boasts over 10,800 active users and more than 42,000 workers.

Both sites offer extensive statistics for miners, however the stats for F2pool are only accessible by registered miners of the pool.

Final Thoughts: Litecoinpool vs F2pool

Both Litecoinpool and F2pool are well-established, reliable pools for the mining of Litecoin’s and both are a good choice for a miner, depending on their requirements. Both pay out on a regular basis and the biggest difference between them is a multi-pool versus a single currency pool.

 

What is Ethereum? The Ultimate Beginners Guide

With the second largest market cap in the cryptocurrency world, Ethereum has drawn a lot of attention from investors and crypto enthusiasts alike.

This relatively new cryptocurrency not only presents a significant change to the status quo, it also allows for the quick development and deployment of new applications. Ethereum essentially enables dozens of new and extremely innovative cryptocurrencies to exist.

While Ethereum’s utility is obvious to programmers and the tech world at large, many people who are less tech-savvy have trouble understanding it. This guide to will appeal to both crowds and expose anyone from complete crypto beginners and intermediates to this potentially game-changing cryptocurrency.

If you’re interested in learning about how you can profit from trading crypto currencies, you might want to consider enrolling in a crypto currency trading course

What is Ethereum?

Simply put, Ethereum is a blockchain-based decentralized platform on which decentralized applications (Dapps) can be built.

Remember, blockchain is the structure the vast majority of cryptocurrencies run on. It’s a database with no central server that keeps track of every transaction and exchange.

Ethereum’s appeal is that it is built in a way that enables developers to create smart contracts. Smart contracts are scripts that automatically execute tasks when certain conditions are met. For example, a smart contract could technically say, “pay Jane $10 if she submits a 1000 word article on goats by September 15, 2018,” and it would pay Jane once the conditions are met.

These smart contracts are executed by the Turing-complete Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), run by an international public network of nodes.

The cryptocurrency of the Ethereum network is called ether. Ether serves two different functions:

  1. Compensate the mining full nodes that power its network. This keeps things running smoothly at an administrative level.
  2. Pay people under smart contract conditions. This is what motivates users to work on the Ethereum platform.

If you’re still a little confused, don’t worry. The underlying technology is complicated even at a surface level.

By the end of this guide, you’ll have a better understanding of Ethereum than 99.999% of people out there… and that’s a pretty good start!

We’ll go over things such as how Ethereum functions, Ethereum’s history, and some of the exciting dapps running on the Ethereum platform.

Welcome to a Wild Ride: Ethereum

In 2011, a 17 year old Russian-Canadian boy named Vitalik Buterin learned about Bitcoin from his father.

In 2013, after visiting developers across the world who shared an enthusiasm for programming, Buterin published a white-paper proposing Ethereum.

In 2014, Buterin dropped out of the University of Waterloo after receiving the Thiel Fellowship of $100,000 to work on Ethereum full-time.

In 2015, the Ethereum system went live.

In 2017, Ethereum hit a cap rate of $36 billion dollars.

Whether you’re looking at this from an investment standpoint, tech perspective, or witness to history; Ethereum is extremely exciting.

Buterin’s goal was to bring the same decentralization from Bitcoin to more than just currency. This could be accomplished by building a fully-fledged Turing-complete programming language into the Ethereum blockchain.

The Ethereum white paper goes into detail for some of the potential use cases, all of which could be built through decentralized apps on the Ethereum network. The list goes on and on:

  • Token Systems
  • Financial Derivatives
  • Identity and Reputation Systems
  • File Storage
  • Banking
  • Centralized Autonomous Organizations
  • Insurance
  • Data Feeds
  • Cloud Computing
  • Prediction Markets

By building these apps on the Ethereum network, these dapps can utilize Ethereum’s blockchain instead of having to create their own.

The Ethereum Virtual Machine

Early blockchain applications like Bitcoin only allowed users a set of predefined operations. For example, Bitcoin was created exclusively to operate as a cryptocurrency.

Unlike these early blockchain projects, Ethereum allows users to create their own operations.  The Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM) makes this possible. As Ethereum’s runtime environment, the EVM executes smart contracts. Since every Ethereum node runs the EVM, applications built on it reap the benefits of being decentralized without having to build their own blockchain.

Smart Contracts

Smart contracts are strings of computer code capable of automatically executing when certain predetermined conditions are met.

Instead of requiring a single central authority to say “yay” or “nay,” these contracts are self-operated. This not only makes the entire process more effective, it also makes it more fair and objective.

For example, a simple smart contract use case would be:

  • Jim wants to bet Sarah 100 Ether (ETH) that the price of ETH will be above $1000 on August 30th, 2018.
  • They agree on a data feed to be used to determine the ETH price.
  • They each escrow 100 ETH to a smart contract, with the winner taking the full 200 ETH.
  • On August 30th, 2018 the data feed is queried and the contract immediately executes sending money to the winner.

Using the smart contract, there’s no need for Jim and Sarah to trust each other. They just have to trust the data feed.

Keep in mind that this is only a very simple example. Many smart contracts are extremely complex and can work wonders.

The takeaway: Smart contracts can automate a variety of tasks, without requiring intermediaries. All a smart contract needs is the arbitrary rules written into it.

Ethereum vs Bitcoin

Now that you have a decent understanding of what Ethereum is and how it functions, it’s useful to consider how it compares to Bitcoin at a technical level.

While the two cryptocurrencies serve different purposes, Ethereum provides a number of benefits over Bitcoin:

  1. Shorter Block Times – On Ethereum, blocks are mined roughly every 15 seconds compared to Bitcoin’s 10-minutes rate.  This shorter time allows the blockchain to more quickly start confirming transaction data, although it also means more orphaned blocks.
  2. More Sophisticated Fee Structure – Ethereum transaction fees are based off storage needs and network usage. Bitcoin transactions are limited by block size and compete with each other.
  3. More Sophisticated Mining – Bitcoin mining currently requires ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits), necessitating a large amount of capital investment to mine.  Ethereum’s mining algorithm was designed with ASIC-resistance in mind, thus leveling the playing field and aiding in the decentralization of mining.

Ethereum arguably currently functions better than Bitcoin as a currency. With Ethereum, you can reliably send transactions faster, pay lower transaction fees, and mine at a more profitable rate (although it still has its downfalls for miners).

Future Updates to Ethereum

The future for Ethereum is bright, but it is not without its potential uncertainty.

A notable event on the horizon is the Metropolis hard fork that is set to occur in late September. This hard fork indicates some major upgrades for the platform including:

  1. Increased anonymity with new zero-knowledge proofs, or “zk-SNARKs.” This means users will be able to conduct transactions at much more secure levels of anonymity than ever before.
  2. Smart contracts and programming will be much easier to work with. Gas is also going to be adjusted for bill setting.
  3. Masking will increase security on the network. Users will be able to determine the address for which they have a private key, and this will protect them from quantum computer hacking.
  4. A “difficulty bomb” will be included in the upgraded, meaning mining will become much more difficult. This is a significant step as Ethereum transitions from proof-of-work (PoW) to proof-of-sake (PoS).

We won’t know how this hard fork will affect the price of Ethereum as markets could adjust in a variety of ways. If the upgrades attract more users, the price could rise. However, if mining becomes more difficult and slows, the price could fall.

The next upgrade after Metropolis is referred to as Serenity, which should increase stability and encourage more investment.

How to Buy Ethereum

The easiest way to invest in Ethereum is by using a cryptocurrency exchange. CoinCentral has compiled a list of the best exchanges where you can buy Ethereum.  On this page you can find key details of these exchanges, as well as links to their individual reviews and user guides.

If you’re new to the world of cryptocurrency, Coinbase offers one of the simplest ways to buy, sell, and store Ethereum.

Coinbase offers free BTC worth $10 for new joiners using this link

For those interested in regular trading, the following exchanges may be more suited to your needs:

  • Gemini
  • Kraken
  • GDAX
  • Bittrex
  • CEX.IO

Final Thoughts

While there is a lot of speculative interest around Ethereum, it’s important to note that the Ethereum and dapp communities are very much focused on building a tangible future.

Ethereum is a phenomenal application of the blockchain and has made it possible for hundreds of projects to exist.

This is a condensed version of an article originally published on CoinCentral written by Alex Moskov. Read the full article here.

Crypto Currency Trading Course: How to Find a Winner

If you’re reading this page, it is likely that you’re aware of all the buzz in the media over the past few months around Bitcoin and other crytpo currencies like ETH and Ripple (XRP).

The internet is awash with stories of people who have made millions from Bitcoin in just a few short years.

e.g.

It’s easy enough to purchase bitcoin through an exchange. Coinbase is one of the most popular and easiest to use in the US. 

BUT Investing in cypto currencies is not something you should jump into without first getting a greater understanding of the topic. Enrolling in a crypto currency trading course is a good way to get you up to speed quickly. 

This article will provide an overview of some of the popular courses currently available on the internet.

Crypto Currency Trading Course: Which one should you choose?

There are lots of courses available on the web, and obviously each claims to be the best. You have to take these claims with a pinch of salt, and delve a bit deeper into the actual contents.

Also, bare in mind that trading anything for a profit, let alone crypto currencies, is incredibly difficult and there are no surefire answers. If it were easy then everyone would be doing it.

Once you’ve decided on a course that you like, you should view the expense as a cost against any future earnings from trading cryptos.

We’ve outlined some of the bitcoin crytpo trading courses below:

  1. Bitcoin Black Book, – $47

This course makes some bold claims, it promises to”reveal the five steps anyone can follow to profit from one of the most exciting opportunities of our lifetime, from explaining what Bitcoin even is… the full risks involved… to how you go about buying and selling them…”

The guide also comes with a number of bonuses, including a 8 part video masterclass, covering some of the need to know information, like trading patterns and ICOs.

Unlike some other online products, the author is transparent about his background, Tiz Gambacorta (view on LinkedIn) holds an MSc in Maths and finance and previously worked at Barclays Capital.

See more info here.

2. Cryptocurrency Codex, by the Crypto Currency Institute – $47

 

This course claims to be one of the best for beginners, citing that it “shows complete newbies how to profit from Cryptocurrency.”

The course covers more or less everything you might want to know about cryptocurrency, right from mining, though to how to store your currencies. It also obviously covers trading strategies and how to profit from trading bitcoin.

Of the many bonuses, there is access to a private “ask me anything” Facebook group, where you have the opportunity to discuss trading with a wider community of members.

Get more info here.

Crypto Currency Trading Course: Final Thoughts

You can’t go into trading bitcoin with 100% certainty that you’ll come out successful, trading is invariably difficult. That being said, taking the time to study the area puts you ahead of most of the average punters that are investing at the moment.

Go in with your eyes open, pick a course that interests you and that you enjoy, and don’t invest money that you can’t afford to lose!

Top Ethereum Mining Pools (2018)

Joining an Ethereum mining pool and combining your resources with other miners will help you see results faster and realize a quicker return on your investment.

This post will take a look at some of the top Ethereum Mining pools in 2018.

With so many mining pools at play in the market, solo miners are finding it more difficult to get blocks to process and the Ethereum mining rig that a solo-miner uses, needs to have massive processing power to be able to compete with the pools, which can be very expensive.

If you decide to join a pool, then choosing the right pool that meets your mining expectations is important, as well as understanding the different pay-out methods and how they will impact your earnings.

The larger pools, that have been mining for longer, are more reliable and you can be more certain of receiving your profits.

To calculate your expected earnings and see the best path to choose, you can use the calculator at this link.

Check out our other post on Ethereum mining calculators

If you’re interested in learning about how you can profit from trading crypto currencies, you might want to consider enrolling in a crypto currency trading course

The Best Ethereum Mining Pools for 2018

The top two Ethereum mining pools are Ethpool (http://ethpool.org) and Ethermine (https://ethermine.org). Together they have more than 27% of the network hashrate.

The two share an underlying pool, but have different payment methods. Ethermine uses the PPLNS payment method, (Pay Per Last “N” Shares) which involves some luck in the payment but on average pays 5% more. Ethpool is a predicable solo mining pool and pays on the PPS method, a standard pay per share model. Ethermine has more than 200 000 active workers and processes about 32 blocks an hour, while Ethpool has about 12500 active workers and processes about 5 blocks an hour.

See our full post on Ethpool vs Ethermine and the ethpool payout scheme

Other top pools include:

  • F2pool – Also known as Discus Fish (https://www.f2pool.com/).  F2pool has been operational since 2013 and contribute about 24% of the network hashrate.  Payments are also made via the PPS method and on a daily basis. The site is predominantly Chinese but has an English interface and has servers across Asia to ensure security and redundancy. F2pool can also be used as a litecoin mining pool.
  • Nanopool – Next on our list is Nanopool (https://nanopool.org). Nanopool currently has 40 000 Ethereum miners and accounts for 15% of the hashrate. Nanopool uses the PPLNS method to calculate payments the same as Ethermine. Payments are made several times during the day and Nanopool has servers in Asia, Europe and America. Nanopool also offers miners the option to mine in Ethereum Classic which is a split from the traditional Ethereum currency. Also see our article on Nanopool vs Ethpool.
  • MiningpoolhubMiningpoolhub (https://miningpoolhub.com) currently generates about 7.6% of the hashrate activity on the network. The reward calculation is based on a transaction fee, a block finding fee and uncle rewards and incentives. Miningpoolhub also has servers across more than one continent (US, Europe and Asia) ensuring a redundant environment.
  • Dwarfpool – The last of our top performing Ethereum pools is Dwarfpool (https://dwarfpool.com). Dwarfpool uses a RBPPS payment method (round based pay per share), which is based on the PPS method. Autopayouts are done hourly and they guarantee 100% uptime due to their distributed infrastructure. Dwarfpool makes up about 13% of the network hashrate.

All these top pools offer statistical reporting and monitoring via e-mail.

There are a number of pools that support multiple currencies, we’ve covered some of these in our posts on dogecoin mining pools, and LTC mining pools.

Cloud Mining

Mining pools are not to be confused with Ethereum cloud mining where the full task of mining is outsourced to an organisation which supplies the hardware and running costs and pays you a dividend based on your investment.

Mining pool payout schemes

The various different mining pools have different payout schemes, including PPS+ vs PPLNS. These determine the method by which your contribution to the pool is calculated, and ultimately how much money you get. It is important that you understand the payment scheme before you get involved in a pool.

How to Mine Dogecoin

Dogecoin is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency that was launched as a joke coin in December 2013. Approximately 100 billion Dogecoin’s are currently in circulation and the coin boasts a market capitalisation of over $300 million.

As with other crypto currencies, it is possible to earn money by mining for Dogecoins. I this article we’ll focus specifically on how to mine dogecoin, including the hardware and software you’ll need.

If you’re interested in learning about how you can profit from trading crypto currencies, you might want to consider enrolling in a crypto currency trading course

How to Mine Dogecoin

Many people think that it is easier to get started mining Dogecoin compared to other coins as it is less compute intensive.

  1. Check that you have the right hardware
  2. Download mining software
  3. Get started!

Hardware requirements for Dogecoin Mining

As with all cryptocurrency mining, a reliable source of cheap electricity is the most important resource and then, with just a PC and access to the Internet, you can start Dogecoin mining.

The hardware requirements needed to mine Dogecoin are very similar to that needed to mine Litecoin, so should you have a rig that is suitable for Litecoin it can easily be converted to a Dogecoin rig.

  • GPU – It is possible to mine for Dogecoin without a graphics card, but the process will be slow and you will not see the results as fast as you would if you included a good graphics card in your setup.
    • Many miners believe that the graphics card should be the most important element of your mining rig. Graphics cards recommended for a start-up rig have a capability of running at 450 kh/s.
  • Power – The next critical element of your rig is an adequate power supply. If you only have one graphics card, your power supply will need to be a minimum of 750 watts, increasing with every graphics card added (four graphics cards will require at least a 1300 watt power supply).
  • Motherboard – The third crucial element is the motherboard. Ensure you have enough slots for the number of graphics cards you have and if you plan to expand your rig over time, make sure the motherboard allows for growth.  Other elements that you will need to build your rig are the CPU’s (minimum of 200 kh/sec is advised), RAM and hard drive with operating system.

Software requirements for Dogecoin Mining

Once you have your rig set up you need to download a wallet that keeps your Dogecoin’s on your computer for you. You can find a wallet on the Dogecoin.com site (Dogecoinqt.exc), which once downloaded needs to be synchronised with the Dogecoin network.

You will also need to download mining software, such as CG miner, Minergate, BFG Miner, CudaMiner. Other options and a description of the software can be found here.

Once you have installed the software and created files where necessary, you are ready to start mining.

Mining Pools

Many miners prefer to join a Dogecoin mining pool rather than mine solo.

Combining the resources of your rig with other miners increases the speed at which transactions can be solved and payments are recognised. The downside of pool mining is that the profits are divided amongst all the miners that take part and the pools will often take a management fee as well.

However, with the amount of miner’s currently active across all the cryptocurrencies, unless you have a very powerful rig, the results of mining alone are often not profitable as you cannot compete with the mining pools.

Dogecoin Mining Profitability

To calculate the profitability of Dogecoin Mining, use the calculator found at https://whattomine.com/coins/6-doge-scrypt.

Nanopool vs Ethpool – Four areas for comparison

Nanopool and Ethpool are both well-established mining pools that cater for the cryptocurrency Ethereum. Mining pools are a popular way for miners of cryptocurrencies to combine their resources and increase the number of blocks solved and their chances of generating profits.

In this article we’ll consider Nanopool vs. Ethpool.

Although Nanopool and Ethpool are both popular pools there are some substantial differences between the two and understanding these differences can assist a a miner in choosing a pool that meets his needs and can help him achieve his desired outcome from mining.

Recall, there is a large and growing number of pools available, so check out our previous post on the top ETH mining pools, and on PPS+ vs PPLNS payment methods to make sure that you’re fully up to speed on what’s happening in this space. 

Nanopool vs Ethpool

Currency options

Nanopool, found at https://nanopool.org, allows miners to choose from seven different currencies to mine (Ethereum, Ethereum Classic, Siacoin, Zcash, Monero, Pascal and Electoneum). The interface on the landing page is easy to navigate and gives high-level information regarding each of the cryptocurrencies available.

Ethpool, http://ethpool.org, offers miners the option of Ethereum as a choice of currency only. As we will be looking at the difference between Nanopool and Ethpool, we will focus on what Nanopool offers for Ethereum miners only.

Payment schemes

Ethpool calculates earnings on a unique basis that can lead to rewards three times larger than other mining pools.  When a miner submits a share, their credit will increased by the difficulty of the share.

The miner with the most credits will win the next mined block and his credit reset to the current credits less the number of credit of the miner who came “second”. Uncles are also paid on top of full block rewards.

Ethpool’s fee rate is 1% and rewards are paid out immediately after 10 confirmations.

We’ve looked in more detail at the Ethpool payout scheme in this article

Nanopool uses a more traditional PPLNS (Pay per last N Shares) payout scheme to calculate rewards. This means that miners get paid based on the number shares the pool finds and has an element of luck with regards to the outcome. The fee for belonging to Nanopool is 1% and payouts happen several times a day (with a minimum payout of 0.2 ETH.

Does Nanopool pay uncles?

One question that people often as is “does Nanopool pay uncles?” Although the Nanopool site does not specifically mention the payment of uncles in their support blogs or payment breakdowns, various forums confirm that Uncles are paid by Nanopool. i.e. here.

Activity

Nanopool has approximately 85,500 active miners and more than 232,000 workers active in the pool at any given time.  The average hashrate is 32,332.1 Gh/s and  about 850 blocks are mined every 24 hours.

Ethpool is smaller with about 1040 active miners and approximately 14,000 active workers. Approximately 96 blocks are mined over a 24 hour period and the average hashrate is 2.7 th/s.

Other

Nanopool is easy to navigate and give’s detailed pool activity statistics at any given time. Clear and simple to follow instructions are available  for first time miners to assist them to join the pool can be found under the FAQ section, including a section on the hardware required to mine Ethereum. The API is free and runs on CORs and the site includes download links for the preferred clients.

Ethpool offers excellent support to miners, including full stratum support and warnings for invalid shares.  Detailed statistics per miner and worker are available.

Final Thoughts: Nanopool vs. Ethpool

When choosing a mining pool to join, it is important calculate in advance what you can expect to earn and then understand how the different payout methods can impact this. There are many sites available on the internet with calculators.

Some of the payment methods and pools benefit long time miners that stay with one pool and some benefit miners that jump from pool to pool.  You may also wish to mine different cryotocurrencies, but stay with a single pool, where multi-currency pools such as Nanopool have an advantage, or focus on a currency and stay with a pool that over time will show you steady growth, such as Ethpool.

Litecoin Mining Pools (2018)

Crypto currencies have seen a huge surge in value over the past year, with interest continuing to rise sharply.

This article give a brief overview of Litecoin, before looking more specifically at how to start using a litecoin mining pool.

What is Litecoin?

Litecoin is a peer-to-peer cryptocurrency that works on open source blockchain technology.

Similar to Bitcoin and Ethereum, all Litecoin transactions are recorded on a public ledger and the need for middleman (such as a bank) for the fulfilment of the transactions is eliminated. The transaction takes place directly between two parties saving on time and costs.

Launched in 2011 by Charlie Lee, Litecoin was considered to be the “ Silver to Bitcoins Gold”, although there are some substantial differences due to the hashing algorithm and the GUI (Graphical User Interface). Litecoin showed phenomenal growth and by November 2017 had a market capitalisation value of more than  $ 4 million.

Currently Litecoin is considered to be in the top 5 of all Cryptocurrency Market Caps. There are three basic differences between Bitcoin and Litecoin; Speed, number of coins and hashing algorithm.

Litecoin generates blocks about four times faster than Bitcoin, resulting in more blocks confirmed per transaction. This is due to the activation of SegWit (Segregated Witness).

The number of coins released into market define’s their value, on the same principal as a real world currency. The limit for the number of available Bitcoin’s is 21 million, while Litecoin has a limit of 84 million.  This means a Litecoin has less value per coin than Bitcoin but is still considered a scarce resource.

The biggest impact of the different hashing algorithm is felt by miners. Bitcoin uses a Secure Hash Algorithm while Litecoin uses a memory intensive algorithm. Miners need to have different equipment to be able to mine Litecoin instead of Bitcoin.

For more information on Peer-toPeer cryptocurrencies and the differences between Bitcoin and litecoin check out this article.

The following video will also assist with understanding the fundamentals and origins of LItecoin:

Best Litecoin Pool 2018

We’ve written in depth about ethereum mining pools in the past, and while there are some ETH specific pools (like Ethpool and Ethermine) there are a number of other pools that will also feature on our list here. Similarly, there are a handful of pools that are specific to Litecoing.

Some popular Litecoing mining pools include:

  • F2Pool
  • Antpool
  • Litecoinpool.org

These pools use a variety of payments methods, such as PPS and PPLNS.

Until earlier this year, F2Pool was the largest Litecoin mining pool, but has been recently been overtaken by Antpool (both of which mine for Litecoins, Bitcoins and other cryptocurrencies).

Regardless of the size of the pools, Litecoinpool.org seems to be the most popular Litecoin mining pool currently in operation.

Working on a PPS payment method, most miners find the returns on investment in this pool the best. Litecoinpool.org is also the longest standing Litecoin mining pool, coming into operation in 2011 shortly after the launch of the cryptocurrency. For more information on how to start mining on Litecoinpool.org, check out their beginners guide.

Also check out our post on dogecoin mining pools for a broader understanding of the topic.

Litecoin Mining Pool Software

Litecoin can be mined on lower specification hardware than is needed to mine Bitcoin, making it possible for owners of standard consumer grade computers to become miners.

Litecoin mining requires a ATI/AMD video card and the higher the quality of the card, the more Litecoins that can be mined. Once you have determined the KH/Sec that your card can get, you can calculate your returns and possible income.

You will also need to download a Litecoin Wallet and the Litecoin GUI Miner.

For some guidelines on how to mine Litecoin, watch the following videos:

Or,

Litecoin is considered to be one the most promising cryptocoins currently available and has seen a huge surge in value since its launch in 2011.

Litecoin Mining Hardware

Litecoin is a popular alternative to Bitcoin (referred to often as Bitcoins little brother) and although it is developed on the same open source code as Bitcoin there are some fundamental differences between the two.

The biggest difference for miners of cryptocurrencies is the speed at which Litecoin generates blocks. Litecoin generates and processes blocks about four times faster than Bitcoin does, resulting in a larger number of completed transactions over a period of time.

There are also four times as many Litecoin’s in circulation compared to Bitcoins ( 21 million versus 84 million) so the value of a Litecoin is substantially less than that of a Bitcoin.

This article will provide an overview of the litecoin mining hardware required to get started.

Mining Lining

The biggest difference for miners between Bitcoin and Litecoin is that the hashing algorithm used to solve a block is different. Bitcoin uses SHA-256 (Secure Hash Algorithm 2) while Litecoin uses a  Scrypt.

Miners make money when their computers use their CPU to solve a block and coins are paid out as a result and as Litecoin solves transactions differently to Bitcoin, different mining rigs (Hardware and Software) are required to mine Litecoin.

For miners wishing to mine for Litecoin, there is a calculator that can help you determine the profitability of mining for Litecoin before you start.

Litecoin Mining Hardware

Obtaining the right hardware to mine Litecoin is essential and  you can choose to build your own rig from various parts or purchase an ASIC script mining rig as a ready to go unit.

Building your own Litecoin mining rig (see guidelines at here) is the less expensive of the two options, but the most time consuming. It can be done by starting with a basic home computer with a motherboard, power supply, a 2.8 GHZ processor and memory of at least 4GB.

The components bought separately on Amazon will cost you about $530.  Building up your own rig can be difficult as you need a minimum of two graphics cards (four to five is however recommended) to be connected.

Your system RAM needs to be at least as much the RAM of the combined graphics cards. A good quality graphics card will set you back about $200 each.  To build a rig on your own will cost you a total of approximately $1332.00 if you have four graphics cards. (Based on the current prices on Amazon excluding shipping)

Antminer, available on Amazon

Alternatively you can purchase a ready made Scrypt ASIC mining rig such as the Antminer (which is recommended as the best Litecoin mining rig available), also available on Amazon for about $5500.00.

The advantages of buying an already constructed rig is the speed at which you can start mining as well as the assurance that the rig will work as promised. However the cost is greater than when building your own rig. Potential miners could also investigate the option of cloud mining instead of owning a rig.

As Dogecoin is based on Litecoin, it is possible to use litecoin mining hardware to mine Dogecoin. Read the full article for more info on how to mine doge

Mining Pools

Once you have a mining rig, you should look at the possibility of solo mining versus joining a Litecoin mining pool (where processing power of a group of miners is combined to solve more blocks faster),such as litecoinpool, https://www.litecoinpool.org/.

There are many mining pools available for you to join.

PPS+ vs PPLNS – Payment Options for Mining Pools (2018)

A mining pool is when a group of cryptocurrency miners combine their processing power to get quicker mining results.  The amount of processing needed to compete with mining pools has become very expensive and solo mining is no longer seen as viable an option by many.

In a mining pool, contributing miners are paid in proportion to the amount of processing power they contribute. The more powerful your rig, the more you’ll earn.

Payment for the contribution made can be calculated in different ways depending on the type of pool the miners have joined. Each pools sets their own payment scheme, you can read more about the ethpool payout scheme. In this post we will consider some of the options including PPS+ vs PPLNS.

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PPS+ vs PPLNS

PPS

The most common calculation is PPS (Pay per share) where there is a standard payout for each miner based on the amount of processing power (hashtag rate) contributed. The mining pool will pay a set rate based for each completed hash, so the more power your machine has, the more you contribute, the greater your earnings. To get an estimated idea of what you can earn, refer to https://bitcoinsinireland.com/what-is-pps-in-bitcoin-mining/ for more information.

The earned amount per hash is dependant on the difficulty at a certain point in time. The difficulty is calculated on the overall hashing power of the global network.  PPS is a popular choice by miners because of the ease in which potential earnings can be calculated.

PPLNS

The popular alternative to PPS is PPLNS (Pay Per Last “N” Shares). This payment calculation generally gives higher payout over a long period of time, but has a level of unpredictability, or luck involved.

The PPLNS method calculates payments based on the “n” (Number) of shares that the pool finds. A pool may have a consistent number of blocks over a period of time, or may have large variances, which affects the calculation and ultimately the payout.

As you earn based on the blocks found during the time that you mine, you may see large variances in the payments. For some stats on the PPLNS payments, visit https://bitcoinsinireland.com/what-is-pplns-in-bitcoin-mining/.  The amount of processing power you have will have a significant impact on your earnings as your power is relative to the size of the pool instead of there being a direct proportion between input and output. If your mining rig is not as powerful as some other miners, choosing a pool that pays on PPS would be more beneficial.

There is more info on the PPLNS payment method here.

PPS+ payment method

A third Payment method PPS+ (Pay per Share Plus) was introduced towards the end of 2016 which is a combination of the PPS and PPLNS payments. Miners are paid for each share that they submit, giving them the predictable payment method of PPS, but an additional transaction fee will be paid based on the PPLNS calculation method.

This gives miners the best of both worlds as well as the potential to earn more. For a clear comparison of the payment methods see the ViaBTC page at, https://pool.viabtc.com/help/pricing/.

For clarity, many of the pricing discussions mention Solo. This is when a miner is allocated the full payment for the block they mined alone.

Final Thoughts: PPS+ vs PPLNS

Different mining pools offer different payment options. Some pools give you the option to choose your payment method, such as ViaBTC and some have a standard payment methods for all the miners in the pool so it is important to check before committing your resources. You can also use a mining calculator to get an estimate of how much you can earn.

Check out post on the top ethereum pools for 2017 for more info on the different pools.

In short, be prepared to do your homework ans shop around before you join a pool if you want to get the maximum return from your investment in mining hardware.

Top 5 Dogecoin Mining Pools 2018

Solo mining has become increasingly difficult as worldwide interest in cryptocurrencies has grown. More and more people are now looking to mining pools to help improve their mining capability.

But with so many available, how do you decide which is best?

In this article we’ll cover some of the top Dogecoin mining pools for 2018, and the pros and cons of each.

Quick recap on Dogecoin

Dogecoin is one of the  altcoins that launched following the success of Bitcoin which sparked a global interest in cryptocurrency.

Dogecoin was originally launched as a joke coin with the image of Doge, famous from online meme’s, as its logo. Dogecoin had unexpected success and now boasts a market capitalisation of over $2 billion  and is popular among investors and miners.

Dogecoin is currently the third most popular cryptocurrency after Bitcoin and Litecoin in terms of volume of transactions.

Mining for Dogecoin

As with other cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin mining requires the miner to have an appropriate mining rig.

Dogecoin is based on Litecoin so the mining rig needs to be able to mine script-based coins. However, as the number of miners participating in resolving blocks has increased dramatically over the past few years, it has become increasingly difficult for solo-miners to compete for transactions to complete, resulting in the rising popularity of mining pools, where miners combine their CPU power to complete transactions more effectively and generate revenue faster.

Before joining a mining pool it is important that miners research the security of the pool as well as the manner in which they calculate rewards.

Some mining pools focus only on specific cryptocurrencies and some allow for multiple currencies to be mined. Before you start mining for Dogecoin, calculate the possible profitability with this mining calculator.

Pools will also use a variety of payment methods, such as PPS+ vs PPLNS, so be sure you fully understand how you get paid before you start.

Check out the full article on how to mine dogecoin

Dogecoin Mining Pools

For miners interested in mining Dogecoin, here is a list of the Dogecoin mining pools and the benefits and constraints of each:

  • Prohashing: ( https://prohashing.com/). This is one of the few mining pools that will actually pay out in Dogecoin. Most the pools will covert the coins generated into Bitcoin or Litecoin. With about 16000 miners active on the site, Prohashing merge mines for coins and then pays directly into your bank account.
  • Multipool: (https://www.multipool.us/dashboard/pool/doge).  With over 13 million Dogecoins paid out, this pool offers a variety of different altcoins as well as Bitcoin and Litecoin for mining and payment.
  • Hashfaster: (http://doge.hashfaster.com/) is a multicoin mining pool that keeps miners anonymous. Payouts are made every two hours if the balance is high enough or alternatively on a Sunday. With about 775 active miners, this is small pool that focuses on the less well know script based altcoins. Just over 10,000 Dogecoins have been mined on this site.
  • 1Coinpool: (https://1coinpool.com/). Using a PPPS (proportional pay per share) model, this pool offers miners Dogecoin, Zcash, Ethereum and Litecoin mining pools.
  • Aikapool: (https://aikapool.com/doge/index.php?page=login). A mining pool that offers free registration and has about 45 active miners. Miners are rewarded on a PROP system (proportional) where there is no risk to the pool operator as the system pays only when a block is found.

We’re written about other pools in the past, check these posts for more info on ETH mining pools, or LTC mining pools.

Final Thoughts: Dogecoin Mining Pools

Although the above list does not cover all the pools available for mining Dogecoin, these are the pools that have the most mentions.  For more information on the currency, the story behind the coin and the meme and for details on how to get started and download a wallet, visit the Dogecoin website on http://dogecoin.com/.

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